What is gut bacteria?
This is the name given to the bacteria that line the entire digestive tract. These bacteria have a big impact on our overall well being.
What is the gut microbiome?
Living inside the gut are 300 to 500 different kinds of bacteria. The unique mix of these bacteria is what causes one persons microbiome to be different to another. This unique mix is caused by 3 main factors:
- mother’s microbiome
- the environment at birth
- well being and diet
Gut health and its affects
The gut bacteria in healthy people differs from that of those who are sick. Some bacteria help to cure certain ailments , whereas some maybe harmful. Scientists have drawn links between certain diseases and too little or too much of certain gut bacteria, these are:
- type 2 diabetes
- heart disease
- Alzheimer’s disease
I was listening to a very fascinating TED Talk “Can gut bugs cure the world?” by Warren Peters , check it out it is super interesting!
What is the Gut Brain axis?
The Gut Brain axis is the connection between the Gut and the Brain. Meaning when you are anxious or stressed you may also feel some discomfort in the gut like nausea or stomach aches.
How do the Brain and the Gut (Also known as the second brain) communicate with each other?
They communicate through chemical messages called neurotransmitters. The chemical messages between the brain and the gut are affected by the microbiome.
So if there is an over population of the harmful bacteria in the gut this can trigger negative signals to the brain.
Vice versa if the brain is anxious or stressed this can trigger negative signals to the gut.
So there is a strong link between gut issues like bloating, acid re-flux, indigestion, constipation and diarrhea and mental health issues like anxiety and depression.
Top foods to boost gut health
- Foods rich in fiber to clean your gut like whole grains, fruits , vegetables, legumes.
- Fermented foods like sauerkraut, kimchi, miso, kefir
- Cruciferous vegetables like broccoli, cabbage, cauliflower
- Bananas are great at reducing inflammation and helping with gut health
- Blueberries bursting with antioxidants and are great at boosting your immune function.
- Psyllium husk have you tried it? Its a good cleanser!
Some pretty powerful things to think about! Hope you enjoyed that!